Annotated Bibliography for Catastrophism: Other Catastrophists

Bellamy, Hans Schindler. A Life History of the Earth.
Faber and Faber, London, 1951.

Bellamy, Hans Schindler. Moons, Myths, and Man.
Faber and Faber, London, 1936.

Bellamy, following the "ice cosmology" of Hoerbiger, suggested that humans had experienced two major catastrophes in the last 50,000 years. The first was the disintegration and impact of the earth's previous moon. The second was the capture of the earth's current moon. Bellamy collated hundreds of myths from all over the world to support his ideas. Velikovsky used a number of these myths in Worlds in Collision.

Braghine, Alexander. The Shadow of Atlantis.
Dutton, New York, 1940.

Braghine collates geological, astronomical, historical, and mythological evidence to support the idea of at least one and possibly two global catastrophes having been witnessed by humans during the Holocene. He suggested that a giant comet entering the inner solar system around 4,000 B.C. altered the orbits of the earth and Venus, at least, and also caused a variety of cataclysmic events on the earth itself. Braghine was aware of the dating problems associated with catastrophes, so he was willing to credit the ideas of Bellamy and others who suggested an earlier catastrophe around 9,000 to 10,000 B.C.

Bragine rejected many of the inaccurate "proofs" of the existence of Atlantis put forth by earlier authors (e.g., there is no wild version of the banana plant). He was also aware of most previous catastrophists and, unlike Velikovsky, he gave them due credit and summarized their ideas. Much of the material presented in Braghine appears in Velikovsky's later works, although Velikovsky never mentions Braghine.

Carli, Comte Giovanni Rinaldo. Lettres Americaines.
Buisson, Paris: 1788.

Carli expands upon the ideas of Whiston and suggests an encounter with a large comet modified earth's previously circular orbit into an elliptical orbit. Each year was lengthened by ten days, one hour, and thirty minutes. The cometary passage pulled the oceans up into and eight mile high flood tide, which together with condensation from the atmosphere, caused the Deluge.

Donnelly, Ignatius. Ragnarok: The Age of Fire and Gravel.
D. Appleton, New York, 1883.

Gallant, Rene. Bombarded Earth.
John Baker, London, 1964.

Hoerbiger, Hans and Fauth, Philipp. Glazialkosmogonie.

This book details the "ice cosmology" which was adopted enthusiatically in Germany during the 1930s and 1940s. Bellamy adopted Hoerbiger's ideas of the acquisition and destruction of a series of moons by the earth as the basis of a catastrophist theory for the history of the earth. Incidentally, Hoerbiger suggested that both Mercury and Venus had once had orbits outside that of the earth. These two planets passed by the earth but were too large to be captured by the earth as moons. The current moon, Luna, formerly an independent planet, was captured by the earth around 11,500 years ago as Luna spiralled in towards the sun.

Kelly, Allan O. and Dachille, Frank. Target: earth: the role of large meteors in earth science.
Pensacola Engraving Co., Pensacola, FLorida, 1953.

Kelly and Dachille suggest that the dinosaurs were wiped out by the environmental consequences of a major impact event, predating the famous 1980 Alvarez et al paper by twenty-seven years. Kelly and Dachille also suggest development of a rocket system to deflect near-earth-crossing objects that would otherwise impact and cause damage. They further suggest the Deluge resulted from a large impact off the North Carolina coast. This books presents some mythological material but most of the material is geological. Many of the themes raised by Kelly and Dachille find echoes in Velikovsky's later work Earth in Upheaval.

Radlof, Johann Gottlieb. Zertrummerung der grossen Planeten Hesperus und Phaethon und die darauf folgenden Zerstorungen und Ueberflutungen auf der Erde; nebst neuen Aufschlussen uber die Mythensprache der alten Volker.
G. Reimer, Berlin, 1823.

In a remarkable display of prescience, Radlof essentially enunciates Velikovsky's theories almost 130 years before Velikovsky. Radlof suggests that a planet between Mars and Jupiter exploded after being struck by a comet. One fragment collided with the Earth, giving rise to the legends of Phaeton, deluges, and combat myths with cosmic monsters like Typhon. Another fragment, taking on a cometary orbit and appearance, encountered the planet Mars and later settled down into its current orbit as the planet Venus. Radlof, a philogist, tries to support his contentions with mythological evidence -- including some of the very same material Velikovsky, among others, later used.

This book appears to have been mostly ignored, although the theme of the fragmented fifth planet as Phaeton informed a number of later authors.

You may view the title page of Radlof's book.

Waskin, Mel. Mrs. O'Leary's Comet!.
Academy Chicago Publishers, Chicago, 1985.

Chicago author Mel Waskin expands on a suggestion by Donnelly that the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, and the concurrent conflagrations in Wisconsin and Michigan, were caused by a Tunguska-like impact event. Waskin suggests a fragment of Biela's comet as the culprit. Waskin evidences caution in attributing the fires to an impact event. He writes in a "what if" style. Very entertaining reading with lots of interesting information about the Chicago fire as well as those in Peshtigo (Wisconsin) and Manistee (Michigan).

Whiston, William. A New Theory of the Earth.
London, 1708.

White, John. Pole Shift.
Doubleday, New York, 1980.

Note: This bibliography bears a copyright.

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Last modified by pib on March 20, 1999.