Reconstructed past sea-surface salinity in the northeast Atlantic, A (top), in the summer, and B (bottom), in winter. The thin solid line was calculated assuming a mean oxygen-isotope ratio of -20%o for glacial meltwater, and the discontinuous dotted line, assuming a ratio of -35%o during Heinrich events only. The heavy solid line near the top in both figures represents global mean ocean salinity.
Source: M. A. Maslin, N. J. Shackleton, and U. Pflaumann, "Surface Water Temperature, Salinity, and Density Changes in the Northeast Atlantic During the Last 45,000 Years: Heinrich Events, Deep Water Formation, and Climatic Rebounds," Paleoceanography Vol. 10, no. 3 (June, 1995), pp. 527-544.
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Last modified by pib on October 28, 2003.